IT IS A SYSTEMATIC, CHRONICALLY-DEGENERATIVE DISEASE, WHICH IS HETEROGENEOUS, WITH VARYING DEGREES OF HEREDITARY PREDISPOSITION INVOLVING VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. IT IS CHARACTERIZED BY CHRONIC HYPERGLYCEMIA (ELEVATED GLUCOSE LEVELS) DUE TO DEFICIENCY IN THE PRODUCTION OR ACTION OF INSULIN, WHICH EFFECTS INTERMEDIARY METABOLISM OF CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS AND FATS.
The main issue of diabetes mellitus is its complications in the mid to long term range; such as diabetic retinopathy causing problems from decreased visual acuity to blindness; arterial or venous insufficiency with amputation of phalanges and / or extremities; and / or acute coronary heart disease with infarction.
It is classified broadly into two main types:
Type 1 diabetes (little or no insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas)
Type 2 diabetes (fat, liver and muscle cells do not respond normally to insulin)
This is called insulin resistance. As a result, the blood sugar does not enter the cells to be stored for energy. When sugar can not enter cells, abnormally high levels of it accumulate in the blood, which is called hyperglycemia.
Especialista en Cirugía de Obesidad y Diabetes por Laparoscopía
CED. PROF. 1371863 UAT / CED. ESP. AE: 011111 UNAM