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Mellitus diabetes


IT IS A SYSTEMATIC, CHRONICALLY-DEGENERATIVE DISEASE, WHICH IS HETEROGENEOUS, WITH VARYING DEGREES OF HEREDITARY PREDISPOSITION INVOLVING VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. IT IS CHARACTERIZED BY CHRONIC HYPERGLYCEMIA (ELEVATED GLUCOSE LEVELS) DUE TO DEFICIENCY IN THE PRODUCTION OR ACTION OF INSULIN, WHICH EFFECTS INTERMEDIARY METABOLISM OF CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEINS AND FATS.

The main issue of diabetes mellitus is its complications in the mid to long term range; such as diabetic retinopathy causing problems from decreased visual acuity to blindness; arterial or venous insufficiency with amputation of phalanges and / or extremities; and / or acute coronary heart disease with infarction.

It is classified broadly into two main types:

Type 1 diabetes (little or no insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreas)

symptoms

  • Extreme thirst
  • Feeling hungry
  • Feeling tired or fatigued
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of feeling or tingling in the feet
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Frequent urination

Type 2 diabetes (fat, liver and muscle cells do not respond normally to insulin)

This is called insulin resistance. As a result, the blood sugar does not enter the cells to be stored for energy. When sugar can not enter cells, abnormally high levels of it accumulate in the blood, which is called hyperglycemia.

symptoms

  • Repeated infections in the urinary tract
  • Fatigue
  • Hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain or numbness in the feet or hands




Dr. Jesús Núñez Hernández

Especialista en Cirugía de Obesidad y Diabetes por Laparoscopía

CED. PROF. 1371863 UAT / CED. ESP. AE: 011111 UNAM


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